Substance abuse disorder (SUD) is a mental disorder that affects a person’s brain and behavior. It gives them the inability to control their use of substance use, whether it is illegal/legal drugs, alcohol, or medications. This disorder does not cause another mental disorder. What happens, is that it may co-occur with other disorders due to the following:
●Common risk factors can contribute to both SUDs and other mental disorders
Environmental (stress or trauma)
● Mental disorders can contribute to substance use and SUDs
Brain changes (may enhance rewarding effects of substance use)
Substance use and SUDs can contribute to the development of other mental disorders
Can trigger changes in the brain structure and function that makes people more likely to develop a mental disorder
Treatments for this disorder would include behavioral therapy and medication. Regarding behavioral therapy, there are several types that someone who struggles with this disorder can go through. A few are listed below.
● Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) - also known as talk therapy, to cope.
● Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT) - a concept where mindfulness is used to accept a current situation and emotional state.
● Assertive Community Treatment (ACT) - community-based mental health care that emphasizes outreach to the community and the individual in it.
● Contingency Management (CM) - principle encourages healthy behavior by offering vouchers and rewards for desired behaviors.
● Behavioral Therapy for Children/Adolescence
Brief Strategic Family Therapy (BSFT) - targets family interactions thought to maintain or worsen adolescence
Multisystemic Therapy (MST) - targets key factors associated with serious antisocial behavior in children and adolescent with SUD