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Future Health






Diabetes

November 7, 2022 

29.1 million people in the United States are diagnosed with diabetes. That is about 9.3 percent of the population. Diabetes is a group of chronic conditions that cause high levels of sugar to build up in blood, resulting in health effects (eye, heart, and kidney disease).

The most common types of diabetes are Type 1, Type 2, Gestational and Prediabetes.

  • Type 1: Complex genetic disease where the pancreas produces little to no insulin.
    With this one, the person’s body is insulin dependent, and unfortunately not preventable. About five percent of those diagnosed with diabetes have this type.

  • Type 2: Pancreas produces insulin, but cells are resistant.
    For this one, the body is insulin resistant, but also preventable with a change in lifestyle. This type is mainly seen in people ages 45 or over and for those who are overweight. Out of all the people diagnosed with diabetes, about 90-95% of people have this type.

  • Gestational: Develops in about 9.2 percent of women during pregnancy.
    Here, the body is insulin resilient. It is unable to make and use insulin that is needed for pregnancy. Most of the time though, it goes away after giving birth.

  • Prediabetes: Condition when blood sugar levels are abnormally high but not high enough for diabetes diagnosis.

Each type has their own risk factors

Type 1             Type 2                 Gestational
Family history         Age                 Age
Genetics         Family/Personal history         Family history
Race             High blood pressure         Weight
Illness             Weight/Race             Race

Some signs of diabetes are the following:

● Frequent urination
● Trembling
● Extreme hunger or fatigue
● Blurred vision and more

There is another serious warning sign of diabetes, and that is hypoglycemia. Hypoglycemia is when the blood sugar levels fall below normal. The person may experience:

● Sweating
● Trembling
● Hunger
● Rapid heartbeat
● Confusion

With that said, there are ways to prevent certain types of diabetes. Learn to manage your weight in a healthy manner, quit smoking, create an exercise routine, and eat right. Overall, if you are diagnosed with diabetes, please do the following:

1. Learn all you can about diabetes
2. Know your diabetes ABCs
3. Manage your diabetes
4. Get into a routine to avoid the problem areas

To learn more about diabetes please check out www.myfuturehealth.com/udb/3