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What is situational awareness?
Situational awareness (SA) is a term used to describe one’s awareness of their surroundings, and the ability to understand and predict how these surroundings can change in the future and then using that information to act. SA can help in many situations, the military and aviation organizaitons use SA daily. However, you don’t have to be a pilot or soldier to understand the importance of SA. SA is important becuase it's a safety measure for your everyday life; for example, if you hike the same route for a year, you will likely know where to seek shelter if it starts to rain. This is an example of good situational awareness.
Avital Zeisler, creator of The Soteria Method, here are some tactics she suggests:
1. Peripheral Vision. For the most part, people use direct vision, but it is our peripheral vision that must be used when out in public. Without insulting your friend, attempt to have a conversation and observe what is happening around them, while still maintaining your focus point and listening to what they are saying. Learning this simple tactic, allows you to monitor a wider degree of space and detect something suspicious, leading us to our next point.
2. The Automatic Scan. I call this the automatic scan because we do it naturally everywhere we go. The question is, are we focused on the right thing? Next place you go forget about focusing on things that don’t have to do with your personal safety and pay attention to the following:
3. Watch Your Back. Instead of looking over your shoulder, place your back against a surface if possible to remove the possibility of someone getting behind you or in your blind spot. This is a great tactic when you are in a crowded area and cannot see everything (e.g. the drunk guy at a party, or a pushing crowd in the subway). In the next crowd you are in, try to identify strategic surfaces that you could stand in front of or lean against.
4. Make Reflective Surfaces Your Ally. Reflective surfaces can work to your advantage because they can reveal what is going on either behind you or somewhere outside of your peripheral vision. For example, the next time you walk down a commercial street, use the display windows to help you see behind you.
5. Stop and Pretend. If you feel someone is following you, I always tell my students to do the classic stop, turn and pretend like you went the wrong way. Let the suspicious person pass you, and if he doesn’t or reroutes to follow you, you can now confirm that you might have a potential attacker. Please note that this also applies to safety driving tactics of letting a car pass you if you feel you are being followed.
6. Become a Hard Target. Maintaining an appearance of confidence in your manner is very important to how vulnerable you appear to a potential attacker. But further to this, if you come across as very aware of your surroundings — people, physical locations and interpersonal interactions — then you become much less prone to being taken by surprise of any type of attack or threat of violence.
7. Your Invisible Circles. We all have a sense of our personal boundaries of space or the distance we naturally keep when standing near strangers (just pay attention next time you enter an elevator and watch everyone gravitate to the furthest corners). When someone invades your personal space you should be aware of several things.
For all of the above, immediately increase the distance between yourself and this person. Generally, a five to six-foot distance allows you time to react and assess the situation for any further action on your part.
8. Visualization. Practice safety by using visualization to assess a threatening situation and determine your actions. Take the time to visualize yourself in threatening situations and determine how you would react, assess and protect yourself from danger. By mentally visualizing different scenarios you will develop a strong set of awareness skills and leave little to chance if ever confronted by a violent threat or attack.
9. Intuition. Much is written about following your gut instinct and as much has been written about how we ignore its signals. We have all experienced a visceral reaction to situations where things just didn’t add up and signified some type of threat or danger. Please pay attention to these feelings or reactions — they will alert you, and if you listen, help to protect you. Adhering to these warning signs can obviously be applied to physical threats, but can also act to warn you about people with questionable integrity.
How to improve your situational awareness
Improving your situational awarness is beneficial to your personal safety. Here's a few things you can do: